History on the term G scale
scale is a scale for model railways, and because of its
size and durability, G scale is often used outdoors. Such
installations are known as garden railways.
scale was introduced by Ernst Paul Lehman Patentwerk under
their brand name of LGB, meant for indoor/outdoor use.
Lehman is the major European manufacturer of G scale trains,
and considered the one that really made garden railways
popular. Their trains are sold as the Lehmann Grosse Bahn
(or "Lehmann Big Train"). Lehman Patentwerk
was founded in 1881 and started producing LGB in 1968.
Today it produces models of European and US originals,
of steam, diesel and electric prototypes as well as a
large range of coaches, trucks and accessories.
term "scale" is a misnomer, as the actual scale
of the trains that run on it vary from system to system,
country to country. G scale is more correctly called "G
Gauge", as the gauge of the track is the one consistency.
name comes from the German groß (meaning "big").
Traditionally, G scale is the use of 45 mm gauge track,
as used for standard gauge (Gauge 1) models, for modelling
metre gauge narrow gauge railways, using the correct scale
of 1:22.5. Metre gauge is the most common narrow gauge
the United States, the commonly used narrow gauge is 3
feet; modelling this correctly with a 45 mm track gauge
gives a scale of 1:20.3, which is commonly used by American
manufacturers. In actuality, these are called G Scale,
even though in reality they are not. Some modellers and
train producers call 1:20.3 "F scale".
scales are used to model other narrow gauges.
modelers use 1:24
scale parts and details along with HO/OO scale track
(16.5 mm gauge) to model 15 inch gauge railroads, otherwise
known as minimum gauge.
some call models of standard gauge equipment to 45 mm
track gauge 'G scale', these models are more correctly
referred to as Gauge 1, I Scale (NEM Standard 010), or
3/8" scale (NMRA S-1).
track is made of brass and so can remain outside in all
weathers - a quick wipe and it is ready for use. Track
can also be obtained in equally durable stainless steel,
but it is significantly more expensive.
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